Ihram literally means to make something haram upon oneself. By adopting ihram (donning the two sheets, making niyat and reciting the talbiya, certain things which were halal (allowed) now become haram (not allowed) upon that person. Thus, we can say that ihram is a state (condition) which a person has subjected himself to and he can reverse this state only if particular rites are performed.
Furthermore, the two sheets a Haji or Mu’tamir wears is also called ihram because it reflects ones intention and status.
Once a person adopts an ihram, it must not be ended abruptly without completing the intended haj or umrah. This applies even if a person has committed an act which will render his ihram fasid.
- if a muhrim was unable to make wuquf of Arafah, he should then perform the acts of umrah and terminate such an ihram.
- if a muhrim is prevented from performing haj or umra, than such a muhrim can end the state of ihram by offering a sacrifice within the boundaries of the haram.
- It is wajib to perform the Qadha of any ihram terminated without performing the rites of the intended hajj or Umrah.
CONDITIONS OF IHRAM
- To be a Muslim.
- To form an intention and to recite the talbiya or any other zikr that is an acceptable substitute for the talbiya.
WAJIBÂT OF IHRAM
- To adopt ihram from the miqat.
- To stay away from that which is prohibited in ihram.
SUNAN OF IHRAM
- To perform ghusl or wudhu.
- To apply itr before making an intention for the Ihram of Haj or Umrah.
- To use two sheets as the dress for ihram.
- To perform two rakats salâh as sunnat of ihram.
- To recite the talbiya as reported in the hadith .
- To recite it loudly.
- To recite it thrice.